Science is showing how healthy soil can help save the planet—and how we can all help improve what lies beneath our feet.
When federal crop insurance rules stymied Gail Fuller’s attempts to innovate, he knew something had to change.
It’s generally thought that religion contributed to political and social unification in ancient times, but research in southern Mexico indicates that wasn’t always the case.
Humans aren’t the only brainiacs. The old myths about clever animals may have been closer to the truth than science has been for much of its history.
Invisible worlds, ultimate partners. A crescendo of evidence points to the central role of microorganisms — bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae — in the health of oceans, forests, soils, plants, humans and other animals.
An unusual class takes Willamette students inside prison walls to discover a new perspective on crime and punishment.
Research in Belizean caves has revealed paleoclimate data indicating the Maya suffered a series of droughts from the seventh through tenth centuries. The research also shows how the Maya beseeched their gods to end the droughts, the latest of which coincided with their collapse.
Rick Haney, gangly and garrulous, paces in front of a congregation of government conservationists, working the room for laughs before he gets to the hard data. The U.S. Department of Agriculture soil scientist points to an aerial photograph of research plots outside his facility in Temple, Texas. “Our drones took this shot,” he says, then shakes his head. “Kidding. We don’t have any drones.”
A century ago, Congress created the national park system — and ended up preserving some of the best research sites in the world.
Jon Bansen’s Jerseys gaze with such mild disinterest at visitors to his Monmouth, Oregon, dairy farm that it’s hard to believe they can cause trouble.
Research by geologist Gerald Matisoff and colleagues assists efforts to improve water quality in Lake Erie.
Mark Sturges doesn’t advertise and clients have to find him by word of mouth, but find him they do. He’s become a master of an agricultural art as old as agriculture itself: basic compost.
Our first three years are usually a blur and we don’t remember much before age seven. What are we hiding from ourselves?
Herbs were our first wonder drugs, and they remain powerful medicine to this day. Here are health-promoting plants to know now.
How NSAIDS — nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin — can cause more pain than they relieve.
There are thousands and thousands of bees that are not honeybees out there, pollinating our flowers and helping plants produce food. Who knew?
Bipolar disorder can rage through life like a hurricane. So why does the US healthcare system leave us to cope alone?
Mental health is not all in our heads. Nutrition is an oft-ignored — yet incredibly effective — way to manage mental illness, including schizophrenia.
In a dog-eat-dog world, people still cooperate, collaborate, and help each other out. Our species’ urge to work together has remained an evolutionary paradox, seemingly at odds with Darwinian theory—until now.
We took our elderly father to the small California towns where our family lived – Oroville, Quincy, and Meadow Valley. What I found over and over was a rupture between memory and place, as well as a vast gulf between my older siblings’ past and mine.
Two Montana do-gooders teach villagers in a remote Afghan valley to ski, make ski equipment, and profit from ecotourism.
Dee Ann Story became an archaeologist when men dominated the profession. Nonetheless, she made an indelible mark as an excavator, preservationist, and teacher.
Most of the processed foods we eat are studded with mysterious additives. They extend shelf life. They create exciting flavors, colors and textures. But they don’t do great things for our health. Find out which ones to avoid, and why.
Would you kill a crying baby to save yourself and others from hostile soldiers outside? Neuroscience offers new ways to approach such moral questions, allowing logic to triumph over deep-rooted instinct.
A person with a rare disease is doubly isolated: He or she lives with serious illness as well as uncertainty about treatment options. There is no choice for a patient but to become an expert and advocate extraordinaire.
One of the simplest keys to fighting global warming may be right under our feet.
Garlic mustard and Asian carp can wreak havoc on their ecosystems, but do they have a future on your dinner plate?
As the winter snows thaw, visitors flock to the popular national park to see frazil ice, moonbows and other seasonal sights.
Could I find the Albania that inspired a brave British woman more than 100 years ago?
Children aren't miniature adults and their diseases aren't simply scaled-down versions of adult ones – even when they appear to be the same. Treating them requires different therapies, tools and knowledge.
On their way to a park built in the shadow of Bamiyan’s Buddhas, two Americans encounter remnants of war and signs of promise.
New research shows that sleep significantly influences metabolism, appetite and weight management. Could getting more shuteye help you ward off excess pounds?
A man with a mission, with the help of a few friends, turns a 2,000–acre patchwork of forest into a home for herbs—herbs different than the smoking kind raised by neighbors.
To better understand the ancient Roman world, one archaeologist looks at the graffiti, love notes and poetry alike, left behind by Pompeians.
In tasteful black-and-white photos, the nonprofit Now I Lay Me Down To Sleep captures the bittersweet farewell of parents and their lost babies.
Thousands of hidden fires smolder and rage through the world’s coal deposits, quietly releasing gases that can ruin health, devastate communities, and heat the planet.
Included in Best American Science Writing 2011
An odd and affecting monument stands off a Nevada highway as a testament to one man’s passions.
Archaeologists are in the unique position of studying the relationship between humans and their environments over millennia. Consequently, a number of them believe their work should inform current environmental debates.
Behind the locked–down walls of Afghanistan's capital Kabul, a designer addresses women joined in the name of fashion, combining traditional Afghan motifs with modern flair in the land of the burka.
Scientists spill the truth about drinking and your health.
Turning to look in a different direction after a month in Afghanistan.
In Franceís Loire Valley, domesticated cave dwellings, known as troglodyte homes, offer a history as rich as the regionís chateaus.
Tucked away in libraries across the country are unexpected archives and world-class treasures.
Forget rockets - advances in nanotechnology may soon make a trip into space as easy as riding an elevator.
Archaeologists' concept of the Fort Ancient site has changed over the years. The recent discovery of several unusual features there continues to puzzle them.
Not only does fast food tend to be unhealthy, but some of its ingredients are downright addictive. Here's how to kick the habit.
The Wakhan is Afghanistan’s Shangri-La, far from the guns and bombs that plague much of the country - an area so starkly beautiful that people in the cities sigh with longing when they hear its name.
A gracious and venerably lined great-grandmother in a sequined gown pushed the plate of snacks at me. It was a small white dish, the only evidence of the wedding feast to come. A crowd of children eyed its passage across the table disconsolately.
The writer plays her first-ever round of golf at Afghanistan’s embattled country club, restored to a bit of its pre-war glory.
Low-calorie food replacements have promised to make our weight-loss dreams come true, but research indicates that these pseudo-foods rarely deliver. In fact, they may set our weight-loss efforts back.
From his tasting room on the hilly outskirts of Oroville, Calif., Jamie Johannson can hear the workers picking his olives. Even when they are too far away for him to hear their voices, he can still detect the wind-chime-like clamor of them at work.
Mingling with the 500 mustangs on Dayton Hyde’s 11,000-acre Black Hills Wild Horse Sanctuary in South Dakota.
An exquisite Victorian leaves Ohio behind for the West Coast.
Entrepreneurs create jobs and opportunities while making money in Afghanistan.
A century and a half ago a Kentucky family began offering tours of an underground empire that would become famous throughout the world. Today a great-great-grandson carries on the tradition.
Making ethanol from skunk beer? Forward-thinking entrepreneurs and their innovations in the field of renewable clean energy.
Young alums hope to take on two tough problems in the City of Oberlin: affordable housing and flat retail sales.
No one was making predictions about this child's capabilities. Twenty-seven years later, his mother still gets caught off guard.
Nominated for a Pushcart Prize. Included among the notable essays in Best American Essays 2005.
Eight million American women—or one in 12—will be a victim of stalking at some point in their lives. So why are law enforcement agencies so inept at handling their cases?
Imagine my shock. I was sitting in my office looking out the window, when a friend called and said—very slowly so I couldn't miss the urgency—“Go to your radio and switch it over to AM and turn it to 1100. Rush Limbaugh is talking about you and your book right now.”
Patients with the same condition may require different treatments.
Studying twins is still a vital tool for 21st century geneticists, even with the human genome map at their fingertips. Kristin Ohlson gets stuck into the nature-nurture debate.
They're footballers. Fraternity men. Big, burly guys like ex- quarterback Don McPherson, who's hoping to lead a new generation of men into a violence-free end zone.
James Beck '52 leads an ardent campaign against potentially damaging restorations. Professional conservators disagree.
How do you spot minute traces of chemicals in drinking water? Simple—build a fish that lights up when it swallows the poison.
Census 2000 data imply that marriage is waning. But the figures don’t tell us the full story. Exchanging vows is still the path of choice for many couples—those with and without the legal right to do so.
They told me he was fine. I don't know that I ever believed them.
Art Conservator Ellen Baxter was baffled. The morning after a gala exhibition opening at Pittsburgh's Andy Warhol Museum, she discovered someone had planted a kiss on a vintage Warhol painting— "Bathtub"— and left behind a full-lipped imprint of bright red lipstick.
CLEVELAND, OH—It may seem hard to imagine now, but Cleveland’s four Hulett automatic ore unloaders used to mount a mesmerizing show on the lake front, west of downtown. From 1912 until 1992, these 96-foot behemoths lumbered along the shore, leaning forward and sinking their jaws into the bellies of Great Lakes ships, taking 17-ton bites of iron ore and spitting them into nearby rail cars.
PAINESVILLE, OH—His hands held high over his head, Michael Warren jabbed at his thumb with a knife as bright and shiny as the phalanx of motorcycles that surrounded him. Some people in the crowd winced and turned away, but when they looked back again, Mr. Warren still had not managed to tease out the drop of ritual blood.
MAYFIELD HEIGHTS, OH—Even though Joseph Tomaro is the last, defiant holdout in a rural neighborhood gone urban, he enjoys the serendipitous camaraderie that commercialism brings his way. He knows the names of the office workers who walk by his house and swaps news with the merchants down the street.
When Martha Drury’s father told her she’d find a few more dollars in her bank account —it would be $3 million, to be precise— she was overwhelmed by more than gratitude. She was also struck by a staggering sense of obligation to others and even fear of the implications of this sudden fortune.
MITCHELL, SOUTH DAKOTA—Maybe this will be the summer for black corn. In a barn as clean as a clinic and as richly arrayed as a curio shop, Dean Strand pried the lid off an old plastic bucket labeled “black by dark red” and sank his hand into the liver-colored kernels inside.